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E-Books:Introduction to Fire Safety Management

Introduction to Fire Safety Management has been produced for all students taking the NEBOSH Fire Safety & Risk Management Certificate, whether as part of a face to face training course or as part of a distance learning programme. It will also be of significant use for those undertaking a programme of study for Level 3 and 4 S/NVQ in Fire Safety.  The book is the approved reference material for those undertaking IOSH certified Fire Risk Assessment, Principles and
Practice programmes and the Fire Safety Management programmes at the Institute of Occupational Safety & Health (IOSH). This book has been produced to provide those establishing fire safety management systems within their workplace and those undertaking fire risk assessments, on behalf of the responsible person, with an all encompassing reference book without the need to initially access the huge range of British and European Standards in relation to fire and risk management.

The material included within the text effectively covers both the National General Certifi cate (NGC1) material and the Fire Safety & Risk Management (FC1 & 2) materials so that those studying for the full NEBOSH programme do not have to purchase two text books. It is also useful for those who have not undertaken a course of study to have reference to general safety management principles and arrangements, as many fire safety books fail to address the management principles and detail only physical fire safety systems (fire alarm, suppression, detection, etc.). Given that the materials included within this text book also cover previous MCI units for the Emergency Fire
Service Management (EFSM) S/NVQ, the material within this book will also assist those serving in the emergency Fire & Rescue Services as part of their development programmes, particularly those starting within the Fire Safety and Community Fire Safety areas. We hope that you find the Introduction to Fire Safety Management both a useful reference book for your course of study and a source of reference when undertaking fi re risk assessments and establishing fire safety management systems.

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Table of Contents

PREFACE
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS x
ABOUT THE AUTHORS
ILLUSTRATIONS CREDITS
1 FIRE SAFETY FOUNDATIONS
1.1 Definitions
1.2 Scope and nature
1.3 The moral, legal and financial reasons for promoting good standards of safety within an organisation
1.4 The legal framework for the regulation of fi re and health and safety
1.5 The legal and fi nancial consequences of failure to manage fi re and health and safety
1.6 The nature and sources of safety information
1.7 The basis of a system for managing safety
1.8 Case study
1.9 Example NEBOSH questions for Chapter 1
2 SAFETY POLICY
2.1 The importance of setting policy
2.2 Key features of a safety policy
2.3 Case study
2.4 Example NEBOSH questions for Chapter 2
Appendix 2.1 – Policy statement
3 ORGANISING FOR SAFETY
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Safety management roles and responsibilities
3.3 Joint occupation of premises
3.4 Consultation with employees
3.5 Safety committees
3.6 The supply chain
3.7 Work equipment
3.8 Hazardous substances
3.9 The provision of buildings
3.10 Case study
3.11 Example NEBOSH questions for Chapter 3
Appendix 3.1
4 SAFETY CULTURE
4.1 Introduction
4.2 The concept of safety culture and its various components
4.3 Tangible indicators of safety culture
4.4 How to assist in the development of a positive safety culture within an organisation



4.5 Factors promoting a negative culture
4.6 External influences on safety culture
4.7 Internal influences on safety culture
4.8 Human behaviour
4.9 Human failure
4.10 Effecting cultural change
4.11 Case study
4.12 Example NEBOSH questions for Chapter 4
Appendix 4.1
5 PRINCIPLES OF RISK ASSESSMENT
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Definitions relating to risk assessment
5.3 Risk assessment and the law
5.4 Competency to conduct risk assessments
5.5 The risk assessment process
5.6 Communicating the findings of a risk assessment
5.7 Case study
5.8 Example questions for Chapter 5
Appendix 5.1 – Example of a general activity risk assessment record and action plan
6 GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF CONTROL
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Principles of prevention
6.3 The hierarchy of risk control measures
6.4 Supervision and monitoring
6.5 Safe systems of work
6.6 Emergency procedures
6.7 Case study
6.8 Example exam questions for Chapter 6
7 PRINCIPLES OF FIRE AND EXPLOSION
7.1 Introduction
7.2 The chemistry of fire
7.3 Classification of fire

7.4 Principles of fire spread
7.5 Explosion
7.6 Case study
7.7 Example NEBOSH questions for Chapter 7
8 CAUSES AND PREVENTION OF FIRE
8.1 Accidental fires
8.2 Causes of fire relating to construction and maintenance
8.3 Arson
8.4 Prevention of fire
8.5 Case study
8.6 Example NEBOSH questions for Chapter 8
Appendix 8.1 – Example hot work permit
Appendix 8.2 – Example hot work checklist
Appendix 8.3 – Construction phase fire safety checklist
9 FIRE PROTECTION IN BUILDINGS
9.1 Definitions
9.2 Fire protection (preventive and protective measures)
9.3 Legislative requirements
9.4 Building construction and design – preventive and protective measures
9.5 Means of escape
9.6 Case study
9.7 Example questions for Chapter 9
Appendix 9.1 – Classification of purpose groups
Appendix 9.2 – Limitations on travel distance
10 SAFETY OF PEOPLE IN THE EVENT OF A FIRE
10.1 Perception and behaviour of people in the event of a fi re
10.2 The measures needed to overcome behavioural problems and ensure safe evacuation of people in the event of a fire
10.3 Emergency evacuation procedures
10.4 Assisting disabled people to escape
10.5 Case study
10.6 Example NEBOSH questions for Chapter 10
Appendix 10.1 – Example personal emergency evacuation plan questionnaire for disabled staff
Appendix 10.2 – Example of responsibilities of fire wardens
11 MONITORING, AUDITING AND REVIEWING FIRE SAFETY SYSTEMS
11.1 Benefits of monitoring and measuring
11.2 Active safety monitoring procedures
11.3 Conducting workplace inspections
11.4 Auditing fire safety management systems
11.5 Reviewing performance
11.6 Case study
11.7 Example questions for Chapter 11
Appendix 11.1 – Sample of performance indicators
Appendix 11.2 – Sample of fire evacuation review/debrief log
12 REACTIVE MONITORING – REPORTING, RECORDING AND INVESTIGATION
12.1 Fires and other adverse events
12.2 Statutory requirements for recording and reporting adverse events
12.3 Civil claims
12.4 Investigating fire-related events
12.5 Basic fire-related investigation procedures
12.6 Dealing with the aftermath of fi res
12.7 Case study
12.8 Example questions for Chapter 12
Appendix 12.1 – F2508 RIDDOR report form
Appendix 12.2 – FDR 1 Fire Service fire report form
Appendix 12.3 – Sample false alarm report form (adapted from BS 5839-1: 2002)
13 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF FIRE
13.1 The sources of pollution in the event of fi re
13.2 The legal obligations related to environmental protection in the event of fi re
13.3 Preplanning to minimise the environmental impact of fi re
13.4 Containing water run-off
Appendix 13.1 – The quantities of substances that bring an industrial site within the scope of the Control of Major Accident Hazards Regulations (COMAH)
Appendix 13.2 – Example of a pollution incident response plan
14 FIRE RISK ASSESSMENT
14.1 Introduction
14.2 Defi nitions relating to fi re risk assessment
14.3 Risk assessment process
14.4 Example questions for Chapter 14
Appendix 14.1 – Example of a fi re assessment record and action plan
15 SUMMARY OF KEY LEGAL REQUIREMENTS
15.1 Acts of Parliament
15.2 Regulations
15.3 The Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 (HSW Act)
15.4 The Disability Discrimination Act 1995
15.5 The Disability Discrimination Act 2005
15.6 The Environmental Protection Act 1990
15.7 The Fire and Rescue Service Act 2004 (FRSA)
15.8 The Occupiers’ Liability Acts 1957 and 1984
15.9 The Employers’ Liability (Compulsory Insurance) Act 1969
15.10 Water Resources Act 1991 (as amended by the Environment Act 1995)
15.11 The Building Regulations 2000
15.12 The Chemicals (Hazardous Information and Packaging for Supply) Regulations 2002
15.13 The Confined Spaces Regulations 1997 (SI 1713)
15.14 The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2007 (SI 320)
15.15 The Control of Major Accident Hazards Regulations 1999 (SI 743)
15.16 The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002 (SI 2677)
15.17 The Dangerous Substances and Explosive Atmospheres Regulations 2002 (SI 2776)
15.18 The Electricity at Work Regulations 1989 (SI 0635)
15.19 The Gas Appliances (Safety) Regulations 1992 (SI 0711)
15.20 The Gas Safety (Installation and Use) Regulations 1998 (SI 2451)
15.21 The Health and Safety (Consultation with Employees) Regulations 1996 (SI 1513)
15.22 The Health and Safety (First-Aid) Regulations 1981 (SI 0917)
15.23 The Health and Safety (Information for Employees) Regulations 1989 (SI 682)
15.24 The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 (SI 3242)
15.25 The Personal Protective Equipment Regulations 1992 (SI 2966)
15.26 Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 (SI 2306)
15.27 The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 (SI 1541)
15.28 The Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 (SI 3163)
15.29 The Safety Representatives and Safety Committees Regulations 1977 (SI 0500)
15.30 The Health and Safety (Safety Signs and Safety Signals) Regulations 1996 (SI 0341)
15.31 The Supply of Machinery (Safety) Regulations 1992 (SI 3073)
15.32 The Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992 (SI 3004)
ABBREVIATIONS
INDEX




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