Wed. Mar 3rd, 2021

HSSE WORLD

Health, Safety, Security and Environment

Online Quiz: Work and home fire safety

5 min read

Fire safety is the set of practices intended to reduce the destruction caused by fire. Fire safety measures include those that are intended to prevent the ignition of an uncontrolled fire and those that are used to limit the development and effects of a fire after it starts.

Fire safety measures include those that are planned during the construction of a building or implemented in structures that are already standing and those that are taught to occupants of the building.
Answer the following quizzes to test your knowledge about work and home Fire safety 

Test your knowledge and answer the following Quizzes to learn how to protect your self and your lovers during a fire

Top 10 fire safety tips

Follow our top 10 fire safety tips;

  1. Fit a smoke alarm and check it regularly.
  2. Make a fire action plan so that everyone in your house knows how to escape in the event of a fire.
  3. Take care when cooking with hot oil and think about using thermostatically controlled deep fat fryers.
  4. Never leave lit candles unattended.
  5. Ensure cigarettes are stubbed out and disposed of carefully.
  6. Never smoke in bed.
  7. Keep matches and lighters away from children.
  8. Keep clothing away from heating appliances.
  9. Take care in the kitchen! Accidents whilst cooking account for a large number of fires in the home.
  10. Take special care when you are tired or when you’ve been drinking. 

Keep Your Family Safe From Fire

Cooking and heating are the leading causes of home fires and fire injuries, and the winter months are the peak time for fire-related deaths. Now is the perfect time to review and practice fire safety.

Minimize Your Risks

The good news: Over the past several decades, deaths from home fires in the U.S have steadily gone down – from 5,200 in 1980 to 2,820 in 2018, according to Injury Facts.

But even one death from a preventable fire is too many. While fire doesn’t discriminate by age, it is the third leading cause of death for children ages 1 to 14. In 2017, 127 children in this age group died from fire and smoke inhalation.

When cooking, make fire safety a priority by keeping these tips in mind:

  • Be alert; if you are sleepy or have consumed alcohol,
  • don’t use the oven or stovetop When simmering, baking, or roasting, check the food regularly, remain in the kitchen while cooking, and use a timer
  • Keep anything that can catch fire away from your stovetop

Heating is the second leading cause of home fires. Follow these tips from the American Red Cross:

  • Keep all flammables, like paper, clothing, bedding, drapes or rugs, at least 3 feet from a space heater, stove, or fireplace
  • Never leave portable heaters and fireplaces unattended; turn off heaters and make sure fireplace embers are extinguished before leaving the room
  • If you must use a space heater, place it on a level, non-flammable surface, like ceramic tile, not on a rug or carpet
  • Keep children and pets away from space heaters
  • When buying a space heater, look for models that shut off automatically if the heater falls over

In addition to cooking, other top causes of fire include smoking, electrical problems, and candles. To minimize risks:

  • Institute a “no smoking” policy in the house
  • Switch to flameless candles
  • Keep matches and lighters high and out of children’s reach in a locked cabinet

Working Smoke Alarms Are a Must

About three out of five fire deaths happen in homes with no smoke alarms or working smoke alarms. Smoke alarms are a key part of a home fire escape plan providing early warning reducing your risk of dying in a fire. The National Fire Protection Association recommends you:

  • Install smoke alarms on every level of your home, inside bedrooms, and outside sleeping areas on the ceiling or high on the wall
  • Keep smoke alarms away from the kitchen, at least 10 feet from the stove, to reduce false alarms
  • Use special alarms with strobe lights and bed shakers for people who are hard of hearing or deaf
  • Test smoke alarms monthly
  • Replace batteries annually, and change the batteries in your carbon monoxide detector at the same time
  • Replace smoke alarms that are 10 or more years old

Make an Escape Plan

A home fire is reported every 88 seconds. Once the smoke alarm sounds, a fire can spread quickly, leaving only a minute or two to escape. That’s why it’s so important to have a home escape plan.

Start by drawing a map for your home and following these guidelines from the NFPA:

  • Plan two ways to escape from each room
  • Make sure all doors and windows leading outside open easily
  • Identify secondary routes – a window onto an adjacent roof or a collapsible ladder from upper-story windows
  • If you live in a multi-story building, plan to use the stairs – never the elevator
  • Designate an outside meeting place a safe distance from the house where everyone should meet

Now Practice Your Home Fire Escape Plan

, a safety observance developed by Nationwide in partnership with NSC and other organizations, is held during Fire Prevention Week in October. Everyone – even children – need to know your family escape plan in case of a fire. The National Fire Protection Association indicates that 71% of Americans have a home fire escape plan but only 47% have practiced it. Practice your fire drill with everyone in the house at night and during the day, twice a year.

Remember to:

  • Practice getting out with your eyes closed, crawling low to the floor, and keeping your mouth covered
  • Practice closing doors behind you
  • Practice how to “stop, drop and roll” if your clothes catch on fire
  • Practice testing door handles to see if they are hot before opening them
  • Teach children never to hide during a fire, and how to escape on their own in case you can’t help them

When and How to Use Fire Extinguisher

Always put your safety first; if you are not confident in your ability to use a fire extinguisher, get out and call 9-1-1. The American Red Cross cautions you to evaluate the situation and ensure:

  • Everyone has left or is leaving the home
  • The fire department has been called
  • The fire is small, not spreading, and there is not much smoke
  • Your back is to an exit you can use quickly

Learn about the different types of fire extinguishers; not all will work on every fire. For home use, the National Fire Protection Association recommends a multi-purpose device large enough to put out a small fire but not so heavy that it will be difficult to handle. 

Review the instructions once a year. If you need to use a fire extinguisher, there won’t be time to learn how to do it.

To use a fire extinguisher, remember the acronym PASS:

  • Pull the pin.
  • Aim low at the base of the fire.
  • Squeeze the handle slowly.
  • Sweep the nozzle side to side.

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