Asphalt fumes cause health effects such as headaches, nausea, and drowsiness. They are also linked to lung cancer. Asphalt kettles cause both continuous exposure to fumes that escape and occasional exposures when the lid is opened for filling or loading. In general, the higher the asphalt temperature, the more fumes are produced.
Bill is an asphalt kettle operator for a roofing company. He is careful to use personal protective equipment, including a hardhat, face shield, long-sleeved shirt, gloves, goggles, and leather work boots. He keeps the work area cleaned up and has a fully charged ABC fire extinguisher nearby. Bill started having headaches, drowsiness, and nausea on the job, so he took a week’s vacation. When he returned, his co-workers showed him the new kettle bought because the old one had a damaged lid and was leaking fumes.
- What do you think caused Bill to feel ill?
- Have you ever had any of the symptoms Bill had? If so, what happened?
- Place the kettle downwind, where the operator and others will be least exposed.
- Select an insulated kettle that is the right size forthe job.
- Make sure the kettle has working temperaturecontrols and the proper pumping capacity for itssize.
- Make sure the kettle is in good operatingcondition. Report any defects to the foreman orsuperintendent. Remove all potential fire hazardsfrom the area. Maintain proper ventilation.
- Set the kettle on firm, level ground to avoidtipping or spilling.
- Keep the kettle lid closed as much as possible. Fill thekettle to capacity when reloading; at the same time,check the temperature, stir, and skim.
- Pre-chop the asphalt into easily handled, meltedpieces. Use a safety loading door instead of thelid to fill the kettle.
- The supervisor must block off the kettle area withwarning tape, traffic cones, and signs.
- Consider using fume-suppressing asphalts.
- Keep a fully charged ABC-type fire extinguishernear the kettle.
- Maintain kettle temperatures at least 25 degreesbelow the flash point of the asphalt to preventfires.
Place the kettle downwind, where the operator and others will be least exposed.
Set the kettle on firm, level ground so that it won’t tip over and the asphalt won’t spill.
Make sure the kettle is in good operating condition, and report any defects to your supervisor.
Keep the kettle lid closed as much as possible and maintain proper ventilation.
Other Recent Topics
- Photo of the day: Scissor Lift Safety
- Photo of the day: HSE Bulletin Board
- Safety Flash: Floorman arm pinned by Pipe Handling Equipment
- E-Books: Human Fatigue Risk Management
- Fire and Gas detection system and types of Fire and Gas Detectors
- Photo of the day: Arc-Fault Circuit Interrupters (AFCI)
- Templates: HSE Incentives and rewards
- Introduction to industrial ventilation
- E-Books: Guidelines for the provision of facilities and general safety in the construction industry
- How to control the Dust-On Tool Extraction
- Q&A: What Does Fire Load Mean? and How do you calculate it?
- Video: Hydrogen Sulfide Employee Training
- Photo of the day: Safe use of ladders and step ladders
- E-Books: Handbook of Training in Mine Rescue and Recovery Operations ( 2021)
- Video: Protecting our sight
- Crane Safety Facts for construction site managers and supervisors
- Struck-By Hazards: One of Construction’s Fatal Four
- Safe vehicles and Safe Peoples for Traffic Management
- Photo of the day: Concrete Truck Driver Hand Signals
- Fatigue quick guide and checklist
- Safe work site Activity for Traffic Management
- E-Books: Code of Practice for the Safe Use of Lifting Equipment – Edition 9 (Nov 2019)
- Maintaining your safety for maintenance workers
- Safety Flash: Suspension Trauma
- Tips for Chemical spills Preparation and Incident Response
- E-Books: Forklift Health and Safety Best Practices Guideline
- Combustible dust awareness
- Safe work site Design for Traffic Management
- Photo of the day: Extension Cord Safety Tips
- HSE Interview Questioners
- E-Books: Handbook of Hazardous Chemical Properties
- Food and Kitchen Hygiene Tips
- Tips for Load Control during rigging
- Video: Supported Scaffolding Safety
- E-Books: Human Performance Improvement through Human Error Prevention
- 35 Inspection forms for Rig Check
- Prevent Office Injuries
- Photo of the day: Protect your Head
- Q & A: Do Manual Hoists and Trolleys Require a Load Test after Installation?
- E-Books: Principles Of Fire Risk Assessment In Buildings